Arthritis Specialist

Ajitha Nair, DPM, MPH -  - Foot and Ankle Specialist

Propel Foot and Ankle

Ajitha Nair, DPM, MPH

Foot and Ankle Specialist located in Oakland, CA

Arthritis can cause pain and stiffness in any joint in your body, but it’s very common in the small joints of your foot and ankle. Bay Area podiatrist Ajitha Nair, DPM, MPH, treats arthritis at her practice, Propel Foot and Ankle in Oakland, California. To find relief from foot and ankle arthritis, call or book an appointment online today.

Arthritis Q & A

What is arthritis?

Arthritis is inflammation in one or more of your joints. There are more than 100 types of arthritis, many of which affect the foot and ankle. Dr. Nair diagnoses and treats many types of arthritis, including:


The most common type of arthritis, this condition involves degenerative, or wear-and-tear damage to the cartilage that cushions your joints. Osteoarthritis develops slowly and worsens over time.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that occurs when your immune system attacks the tissues that line your joint capsule. This disease often begins in the foot and ankle and can spread to multiple other joints in your body.

Post-traumatic arthritis

Arthritis that develops after an injury is called posttraumatic arthritis. Similar to osteoarthritis, post-traumatic arthritis involves cartilage damage. It can take years for post-traumatic arthritis to develop after an injury.


What are the symptoms of foot and ankle arthritis?

Arthritis symptoms vary depending on the type of the disease you have and the joints affected. Common arthritis symptoms include:

  • Pain that worsens with activity
  • Joint swelling, redness, and warmth
  • Restricted range of motion

All of these symptoms can affect your ability to walk or participate in your favorite activities. Fortunately, Dr. Nair provides effective arthritis treatments to help you return to the life you love.


How is arthritis diagnosed and treated?

First, Dr. Nair discusses your overall health and medical history. Then, she carefully examines your foot to check for tenderness and swelling. She asks questions, such as when the pain started and whether certain factors make it better or worse. Dr. Nair may take an X-ray and blood tests to diagnose the type of arthritis you have.

After reviewing all of your tests and information, Dr. Nair develops an individualized treatment plan for your specific condition. Arthritis has no cure, but several available treatments can reduce your pain and symptoms, including:

  • Lifestyle changes like weight loss and activity modification
  • Physical therapy to improve range of motion and strength
  • Assistive devices like orthotic shoe inserts or a brace
  • Oral or injected anti-inflammatory medications

Severe cases of arthritis that don’t improve with conservative treatment may require surgery.

To learn more about managing foot and ankle arthritis, call Propel Foot and Ankle or book an appointment online today.