Bunion Specialist

Ajitha Nair, DPM, MPH -  - Foot and Ankle Specialist

Propel Foot and Ankle

Ajitha Nair, DPM, MPH

Foot and Ankle Specialist located in Oakland, CA

Bunions are a common foot problem, but many people suffer from bunion pain for years before seeking treatment. Highly skilled podiatrist Ajitha Nair, DPM, MPH, offers individualized treatment for bunions at Propel Foot and Ankle in Oakland, California. Bunions only worsen over time, so don’t hesitate to call or book an appointment online today.

Bunion Q & A

What is a bunion?

Also called hallux valgus, a bunion is a bony and often painful bump that develops at the base of your big toe joint. Bunions develop when pressure on your big toe forces the joint out of alignment. When this occurs on the pinky toe side of your foot, it’s called a bunionette.

Over time, this changes the skeletal structure of your foot and causes a bunion bump to form. This deformity gradually worsens and may eventually make it difficult to wear shoes or walk normally.


What causes bunions?

Anyone can develop a bunion, but they’re most common in women. This may be due to the fact that many shoes designed for women are narrow, high-heeled, and tend to squeeze the toes together.

Some people develop bunions because of inherited (genetic) differences in their foot structure. Other times, bunions result from an inflammatory condition like rheumatoid arthritis.


How do I know if I have a bunion?

The primary symptom of a bunion is a visible bump on the inside of your foot at the base of your big toe. The skin over this bump may become red, swollen, and tender to the touch.

Other signs and symptoms of bunions include:

  • Pain that’s intermittent or persistent
  • Calluses or corns on the bunion bump
  • Stiffness and restricted motion in the affected toe
  • Discomfort wearing shoes
  • Difficulty walking

The best way to find out if you have a bunion is to schedule an appointment at Propel Foot and Ankle.


How are bunions diagnosed and treated?

First, Dr. Nair spends time with you reviewing your symptoms and medical history. She carefully examines your foot and takes an X-ray to check the alignment of your toe bones.

Then, Dr. Nair recommends the best treatment for your condition. Most bunions improve with nonsurgical treatments, including:

  • Changing to shoes that fit properly
  • Wearing custom orthotics or night splints
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medications

If you continue to have foot pain or difficulty walking after a period of conservative treatment, Dr. Nair may recommend surgery to bring your toe back to its normal position.

To find relief from bunion pain, call Propel Foot and Ankle or book an appointment online today.